Taxes

COST SAVING TAX CLIMATE FOR YOUR BUSINESS

Illinois State Capital
Illinois ranks 23rd in the latest Tax Foundation's State Business Tax Climate Index, which measures the impact on business of five major elements of the tax system: the percentage of income taken by all taxes, the individual income tax rates, the corporate income taxes, the sales tax rate, and the complexity of the tax system. Illinois has a MORE ATTRACTIVE TAX CLIMATE FOR BUSINESS than neighboring states like Ohio, Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota, and Kentucky.  In fact, Illinois’s tax rank is BETTER FOR BUSINESS than many of the southern states as well, including: Georgia, Alabama, Virginia, South Carolina, Louisiana, Arkansas and Oklahoma. Over the past 20 years, Illinois’ tax burden has consistently ranked below the national average.
Tax Foundation Report on State Business Tax Climates.

Personal Income Taxes
Income earned in Illinois or received by Illinois residents is taxed at 4.95 percent. Partnerships and S-Corporations pay a 1.5 percent personal property replacement tax and S-corporations’ owners pay the 3 percent personal income tax on their share of the corporation’s income.

  • There are no local personal income taxes in Illinois.
  • Retirement income is not taxed in Illinois.

Corporate Income Taxes
Corporate income apportioned to Illinois is taxed at 9.5 percent, which includes a 7 percent state income tax and a 2.5 percent personal property replacement tax (S-corporations pay 1.5 percent) A unitary group of corporations files a combined return in Illinois.

  • Income apportionment is based solely on In State Sales
  • Corporations with more than 80 percent of their payroll and property outside the United States are NOT included in combined returns. Corporations with unique apportionment formulas are not included in combined returns.
  • Credits include a 0.5 percent credit for investment in mining, manufacturing or retailing, plus an additional 0.5 percent if employment increases over 1 percent. Other incentives may also be available depending on location, business and employment.
  • Interest on Loans to Enterprise Zone businesses are deductible.
  • There are NO local corporate income taxes in Illinois. 

Sales and Use Taxes
Retail purchases of tangible personal property are subject to a state sales tax or use tax rate of 6.25 percent.

Which Cities have Sales Tax – and the Local Tax – City tax plus State  = Total

 

Sales Taxes

(retailers' and service occupation taxes)

Use Taxes

(use and service use taxes)

Automobile Renting Taxes

Telecommunication Taxes

City
General Merchandise
Qualifying Food & Drug
Vehicle*
General Merchandise
Qualifying Food and Drugs
Vehicle (RUT-25) and RUT-25-LSE
Automobile Renting Tax (occupation)
Automobile Renting Tax (use)
Telecommunication Taxes

LaSalle

7.000%

1.000%

6.250%

6.250%

1.000%

6.250%

6.000%

5.000%

13.000%

Peru

7.500%

1.000%

6.250%

6.250%

1.000%

6.250%

5.000%

5.000%

11.000%

Streator

7.500%

1.000%

6.250%

6.250%

1.000%

6.250%

6.000%

5.000%

10.000%

Ottawa

7.00%

1.000%

6.250%

6.250%

1.000%

6.250%

5.000%

5.000%

12.000%

Princeton

7.250%

1.000%

6.250%

6.250%

1.000%

6.250%

5.000%

5.000%

13.000%

Mendota

6.500%

1.000%

6.250%

6.250%

1.000%

6.250%

6.000%

5.000%

13.000%

Oglesby

7.000%

1.000%

6.250%

6.250%

1.000%

6.250%

5.000%

5.000%

13.000%

North Utica

6.500%

1.000%

6.250%

6.250%

1.000%

6.250%

5.000%

5.000%

12.000%

Spring Valley

6.750%

1.000%

6.250%

6.250%

1.000%

6.250%

6.000%

5.000%

9.000%

Ladd

6.750%

1.000%

6.250%

6.250%

1.000%

6.250%

6.000%

5.000%

7.000%

Hennepin

6.250%

1.000%

6.250%

6.250%

1.000%

6.250%

5.000%

5.000%

7.000%

Sales Tax

City
General Merchandise
Qualifying Food & Drug
Vehicle*
LaSalle 7.000%  1.000%  6.250%
Peru 7.500%  1.000%  6.250%
Streator 7.500%   1.000%  6.250%
Ottawa 7.00%  1.000%  6.250%
Princeton 7.250%  1.000%  6.250%
Mendota 6.500%  1.000%  6.250%
Oglesby 7.000%  1.000%  6.250%
North Utica 6.500%  1.000%  6.250%
Spring Valley 6.750%  1.000%  6.250%
Ladd 6.750%  1.000%  6.250%
Hennepin  6.250%  1.000%  6.250%

Use Tax

City
General Merchandise
Qualifying Food & Drug
Vehicle*
LaSalle 7.000%  1.000%  6.250%
Peru 7.500%  1.000%  6.250%
Streator 7.500%   1.000%  6.250%
Ottawa 7.00%  1.000%  6.250%
Princeton 7.250%  1.000%  6.250%
Mendota 6.500%  1.000%  6.250%
Oglesby 7.000%  1.000%  6.250%
North Utica 6.500%  1.000%  6.250%
Spring Valley 6.750%  1.000%  6.250%
Ladd 6.750%  1.000%  6.250%
Hennepin  6.250%  1.000%  6.250%

Automobile Renting Taxes

City
Automobile Renting Tax (occupation)
Automobile Renting Tax (use)
LaSalle 6.000% 5.000%
Peru 5.000% 5.000%
Streator 6.000% 5.000%
Ottawa 5.000% 5.000%
Princeton 5.000% 5.000%
Mendota 6.000% 5.000%
Oglesby 5.000% 5.000%
North Utica 5.000% 5.000%
Spring Valley 6.000% 5.000%
Ladd 6.000% 5.000%
Hennepin 5.000% 5.000%

Telecommunication Taxes

City
Rate
LaSalle 13.000%
Peru 11.000%
Streator 10.000%
Ottawa 12.000%
Princeton 13.000%
Mendota 13.000%
Oglesby 13.000%
North Utica 12.000%
Spring Valley 9.000%
Ladd 7.000%
Hennepin 7.000%

 *If the vehicle or trailer is titled and registered to an out-of-state location, you (the dealer) may be required to collect tax. Refer to ST-58, Reciprocal - Non-Reciprocal Vehicle Tax Rate Chart.

Local sales tax rates vary.

  • EXEMPTIONS - Illinois has a number of sales and use tax exemptions: manufacturing machinery, as well as replacement parts and computers used to control manufacturing machinery; farm machinery; building materials bought in and used in an Illinois Enterprise Zone; and materials consumed in the manufacturing process in Illinois Enterprise Zones (certain job creation criteria apply.)
  • Food and drugs are taxed at the reduced rate of one percent.

Sales and Use Tax Rate

Gasoline

38.8 cents per gallon

Franchise Taxes on Business Income in Illinois
Illinois imposes an annual franchise tax on both Illinois corporations and non-Illinois corporations for the privilege of doing business in the State. You calculate the corporation franchise tax by multiplying your corporation’s paid-in capital by the franchise tax rate of 0.1%. However, even if your corporation has no paid-in capital, you are still going to have to pay a minimum $25 franchise tax fee, annually. The maximum annual franchise tax is $1 million.

The franchise tax is paid with the required corporation annual report, along with a filing fee of $75.

Capital Stock Tax Rate
Capital Stock Tax Rate in Illinois is 0.100 with a maximum payment of $2,000,000. Both CST and CIT payments are required. 

Utility Taxes
Illinois imposes a tax on those in the business of selling, distributing, supplying or furnishing electricity or natural gas for use or consumption. The telecommunications tax is 7 percent. The electricity tax is 5 percent of 0.32 cents per kilowatt hour, whichever is lower. The natural gas tax is 5 percent or 2.4 cents per therm, whichever is lower. Some local governments also collect utility taxes.

  • Illinois does NOT tax water and sewer utilities
  • Electricity and natural gas tax exemptions are available in Illinois Enterprise Zones (certain job creation criteria apply)

Property Taxes
There is no State Property Tax in Illinois. Local Property taxes are the primary source of income for all Illinois school districts. Taxes are levied per $100 of equalized assessed value (EAV) Assessments are based on market value, and vary based on County, and by residential, commercial or industrial use. Tax rates average approximately 7.82 percent of assessed value statewide. Property taxes are assessed for the County, Village, Library District, Township, Elementary School District, High School District, Community College District, and Park District. Please call the North Central Illinois Economic Development office at 815-224-0645 to determine the property tax rate at any particular address or location.

  • Illinois does not collect a state property tax on real estate or personal property.
  • All property other than real estate is exempt from the property tax in Illinois. Thus, all classes of personal property, including machinery, equipment, inventories, and intangibles, are exempt.
  • Pollution controls are assessed at salvage value (lacking any economic productivity) rendering them essentially exempt from the property tax.
  • Property tax Tax Increment Financing Zones (TIFs) are used in Illinois to promote development. The North Central Illinois
  • Property Tax Collections as a Percent of Income = 4.35 percent

An Example of your Total Property Tax Bill in North Central Illinois:

Estimated Total Annual Property Taxes

 $10 Million Industrial Development

 $250,000 residence

Bureau County  $ 205,700 $ 5,167
LaSalle County  $ 228,400 $ 5,710 
Putnam County  $ 180,500 $ 4,512

Property Tax Comparison - Effective Business Tax Rate on Industrial and Commercial Development
74 Percent Less Property Taxes than Cook County;  28 Percent Less than Will County

County

Effective Property Tax Rate %

Bureau County, IL 2.067%
LaSalle County, IL  2.284%
Putnam County, IL 1.805%
Cook County, IL 8.60%
City of Chicago 5.26%
Will County, IL 3.16%
DuPage County, IL  2.75%
Kane County, IL  3.64% 
Grundy County, IL 2.224%
Champaign County, IL 2.162%
McLean County, IL (Bloomington) 2.253%
Ogle County, IL (Rochelle) 2.226%
Peoria County, IL (Peoria) 2.227%
Porter County, IN (Portage) 0.958%
St. Joseph County, IN (South Bend) 1.021%
Dane County, WIS (Madison) 2.013%
Milwaukee County, WIS 2.560%
Scott County, Iowa (Davenport) 1.556%

Data Updated January 2017

Unemployment Compensation Taxes
An unemployment compensation tax is applied to the first $12,960 in wages paid to each employee annually. A “new employer” rate applied for the first 3 years of operation: after 13 months experience in Illinois, an “experience-adjusted” rate is calculated. When an employed has been in business in Illinois at least 13 months, but less than 36 months, that employer pays the higher of the two rates; after 36 months, the employer plays its “experience-adjusted” rate” The 2017 New Employer rate is 3.45 percent. Adjusted rates may vary from 0.7 percent to 8.6 percent. Employers who have incurred liability for the payment of contributions within each of the three or more years immediately preceding 2009 will qualify for a variable rate based on their individual experience: Determine the Benefit Ratio, Multiply the Benefit Ratio by the State Experience Factor, and Add the Product to the Fund Building Rate. 

For more information: Illinois Department of Employment Security

Historical Unemployment Tax Rate Information – State of Illinois

Year
Taxable Wage Base
Min. Tax Rate
Max. Tax Rate
Standard Rate
Small Employer Rate
(gross wages under $50,000)

2017

$12,960

0.55%

7.35%

3.45%

5.4% 

2015

$12,960

0.55%

8.15%

3.75%

5.4%

2009

$12,300

0.6%

6.8%

3.1%

5.4%

2008

$12,000

0.8%

7.2%

3.4%

5.4%

2007

$11,500

1.0%

8.2%

3.9%

5.4%

2006

$11,000

1.1%

8.9%

4.2%

5.4%

2005

$10.500

1.2%

9.8%

4.7%

5.4%

Workers Compensation
Workers Compensation Rate Average Reduces by 17 percent in last 2 years!
In Illinois, virtually any business that has what could be considered an employee (with over $1,000 in annual payroll) is required to meet their statutory Workers Compensation obligations by either getting an insurance policy, or be being approved as a self-insurer (only practical for large companies) or be becoming a member of a group self-insurance program. The major exception is agricultural enterprises with less than 400 working days of labor during any calendar quarter of the preceding calendar year. Real estate brokers, broker-salesmen, and commission-only sales people are also not required to be covered. Sole proprietors and partners are not required to obtain Workers Compensation coverage for themselves, but they can choose to obtain coverage for themselves. Executive officers of a corporation can opt out of coverage, if they wish, but this must be done by specific endorsement to the policy.

Since the state of Illinois essentially requires employers to obtain Workers Compensation insurance or self-insurance, a program has been established to make sure than any employer that needs coverage can obtain it, even if insurance companies do not want to voluntarily underwrite such insurance. That program is the Assigned Risk Plan. Assigned Risk Plan rates are significantly higher than they are in the voluntary market. Such policies have no Premium Discount or Schedule Credits. There is no penalty to leave the Assigned Risk Plan before the policy expires, if you can get an insurer to write your Workers Compensation coverage in the voluntary market.

Workers Compensation premiums are calculated by assigning classification to the business operations according to a system devised by the NCCI. Each classification has a particular rate, which is applied to remuneration (the rate is per hundred dollars of remuneration). Premium is further adjusted for companies paying $5,000 or more a year in premium, by application of the Experience Modification Factor. This factor is based on prior loss and payroll data of the particular business. Premium can be further adjusted in the voluntary market with Schedule Credits or Debits, and the application of a Premium Discount factor.

After years of increases, the advisory rates have dropped significantly, despite continuing inflation and a growing workforce. After adjusting for inflation, the current rate actually represents more than a 57 percent decrease since 1990. This change is attributed to, among other things, a shifting industrial mix, greater safety efforts, and better medical care.

Employers may either buy insurance or obtain permission to self-insure. Roughly 90% of employers buy insurance.  Employers that need to obtain insurance coverage may contact a licensed, professional insurance agent, perhaps one who specializes in business owners' insurance. Employers that cannot find an insurer to write a policy may enroll in the assigned risk plan, administered by the National Council of Compensation Insurance (800/622-4123 (ask for the Illinois assigned risk plan)). The workers' compensation insurance business in Illinois is healthy and highly competitive. In fact, more carriers (374 carriers) write workers' compensation policies in Illinois than in any other state in the country. Since 1983, Illinois has allowed insurance companies to set their own premium rates. This is often credited as a factor in keeping Illinois' costs below the national average. While Illinois carriers are free to set their own rates, the National Council on Compensation Insurance, a private organization, issues advisory rates. For more information, Illinois Workers Compensation Commission

Sample Guide: Workers Compensation Rate Guide - Assigned Risk

 
Workers Comp Classification
Rate Per $100 Payroll

Electrical Apparatus Mfg

3179

$5.84

Precision Machine Parts

3629

$5.67

Machine Shop

3632

$9.14

Instrument Manufacturing

3685

$2.83

Paper Goods Manufacturing

4279

$9.36

Printing

4299

$6.07

Rubber Goods Mfg

4410

$9.80

Plastic Fabrication

4452

$7.31

Plastic Molded Products

4484

$6.73

Pharmaceutical Preparation

4611

$3.91

Engineers

8601

$1.23

Outside Salespersons

8742

$0.66

Clerical Office

8810

$0.30

AVERAGE

AVERAGE

$7.29

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